tHiveWarehouseOutput properties for Apache Spark Batch - Cloud - 8.0

Hive

Version
Cloud
8.0
Language
English (United States)
Product
Talend Big Data
Talend Big Data Platform
Talend Data Fabric
Talend Data Integration
Talend Data Management Platform
Talend Data Services Platform
Talend ESB
Talend MDM Platform
Talend Open Studio for Big Data
Talend Open Studio for Data Integration
Talend Open Studio for ESB
Talend Real-Time Big Data Platform
Module
Talend Studio
Content
Data Governance > Third-party systems > Database components > Hive components
Data Quality and Preparation > Third-party systems > Database components > Hive components
Design and Development > Third-party systems > Database components > Hive components

These properties are used to configure tHiveWarehouseOutput running in the Spark Batch Job framework.

The Spark Batch tHiveWarehouseOutput component belongs to the Storage family.

The component in this framework is available in all subscription-based Talend products with Big Data and Talend Data Fabric.

Basic settings

Property Type

Select the way the connection details will be set.

  • Built-In: The connection details will be set locally for this component. You need to specify the values for all related connection properties manually.

  • Repository: The connection details stored centrally in Repository > Metadata will be reused by this component.

    You need to click the [...] button next to it and in the pop-up Repository Content dialog box, select the connection details to be reused, and all related connection properties will be automatically filled in.

Hive Storage Configuration Select the tHiveWarehouseConfiguration component from which you want Spark to use the configuration details to connect to Hive.
HDFS Storage Configuration

Select the tHDFSConfiguration component from which you want Spark to use the configuration details to connect to a given HDFS system and transfer the dependent jar files to this HDFS system. This field is relevant only when you are using an on-premises distribution.

Schema and Edit Schema

A schema is a row description. It defines the number of fields (columns) to be processed and passed on to the next component. When you create a Spark Job, avoid the reserved word line when naming the fields.

Always use lowercase when naming a field because the processing behind the scene could force the field names to be lowercase.

Select the type of schema you want to use from the Schema drop-down list:
  • Built-In: You create and store the schema locally for this component only.

  • Repository: You have already created the schema and stored it in the Repository. You can reuse it in various projects and Job designs.

Click Edit schema to make changes to the schema. If the current schema is of the Repository type, three options are available:

  • View schema: choose this option to view the schema only.

  • Change to built-in property: choose this option to change the schema to Built-in for local changes.

  • Update repository connection: choose this option to change the schema stored in the repository and decide whether to propagate the changes to all the Jobs upon completion.

    If you just want to propagate the changes to the current Job, you can select No upon completion and choose this schema metadata again in the Repository Content window.

Output source Select the type of the output data you want tHiveWarehouseOutput to change:
  • Hive table: the Database field, the Table name field, the Table format list and the Enable Hive partitions check box are displayed. You need to enter the related information about the Hive database to be connected to and the Hive table you need to modify.

    By default, the format of the output data is JSON, but you can change it to ORC or Parquet by selecting the corresponding option from the Table format list.

  • ORC file: the Output folder field is displayed and the Hive storage configuration list is deactivated, because the ORC file should be stored in your HDFS system hosting Hive. You need to enter the directory in which the output data is written.

Save mode Select the type of changes you want to make regarding the target Hive table:
  • Create: creates the target Hive table and writes data in this table.
  • Append: adds data to an existing table.
  • Overwrite: overwrites the data of the existing table.

Enable Hive partitions

Select the Enable Hive partitions check box and in the Partition keys table, define partitions for the Hive table you are creating or changing. In the Partition keys table, select columns from the input schema of tHiveOutput to use as partition keys.

Bear in mind that:
  • When the Save mode to be used is Append, meaning that you are adding data to an existing Hive table, the partition columns you select in the Partition keys table must be already partition keys of the Hive table to be updated.

  • A partitioned Hive table created by tHiveOutput can only be read by tHiveInput due to Spark specific limitations. If you need to read your partitioned table through Hive itself, it is recommended to use tHiveRow or tHiveCreateTable in a Standard Job to create this table and then use tHiveOutput to append data to it.

  • Defining columns as partition keys does not alter your data but only create subfolders using the partition keys and put data in them.

Advanced settings

Sort columns alphabetically Select this check box to sort the schema columns in the alphabetical order. If you leave this check box clear, these columns stick to the order defined in the schema editor.

Global Variables

Global Variables

ERROR_MESSAGE: the error message generated by the component when an error occurs. This is an After variable and it returns a string. This variable functions only if the Die on error check box is cleared, if the component has this check box.

A Flow variable functions during the execution of a component while an After variable functions after the execution of the component.

To fill up a field or expression with a variable, press Ctrl + Space to access the variable list and choose the variable to use from it.

For further information about variables, see Talend Studio User Guide.

Usage

Usage rule

This component is used as an end component and requires an input link.

This component should use a tHiveWarehouseConfiguration component present in the same Job to connect to Hive.

This component, along with the Spark Batch component Palette it belongs to, appears only when you are creating a Spark Batch Job.