tHDFSPut Standard properties

tHDFSPut

EnrichVersion
Cloud
6.4
task
Data Governance > Third-party systems > File components (Integration) > HDFS components
Design and Development > Third-party systems > File components (Integration) > HDFS components
Data Quality and Preparation > Third-party systems > File components (Integration) > HDFS components
EnrichPlatform
Talend Studio

These properties are used to configure tHDFSPut running in the Standard Job framework.

The Standard tHDFSPut component belongs to the and the families.

The component in this framework is available when you are using one of the Talend solutions with Big Data.

Basic settings

Property type

Either Built-in or Repository

Built-in: No property data stored centrally.

Repository: Select the repository file in which the properties are stored. The fields that follow are completed automatically using the data retrieved.

Since version 5.6, both the Built-In mode and the Repository mode are available in any of the Talend solutions.

Use an existing connection

Select this check box and in the Component List click the HDFS connection component from which you want to reuse the connection details already defined.

Note that when a Job contains the parent Job and the child Job, Component List presents only the connection components in the same Job level.

Distribution

Select the cluster you are using from the drop-down list. The options in the list vary depending on the component you are using. Among these options, the following ones requires specific configuration:
  • If available in this Distribution drop-down list, the Microsoft HD Insight option allows you to use a Microsoft HD Insight cluster. For this purpose, you need to configure the connections to the WebHCat service, the HD Insight service and the Windows Azure Storage service of that cluster in the areas that are displayed. A demonstration video about how to configure this connection is available in the following link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3QTT6VsNoM.

  • If you select Amazon EMR, see the following article about how to configure the connection: Amazon EMR - Getting Started.

  • The Custom option allows you to connect to a cluster different from any of the distributions given in this list, that is to say, to connect to a cluster not officially supported by Talend .

  1. Select Import from existing version to import an officially supported distribution as base and then add other required jar files which the base distribution does not provide.

  2. Select Import from zip to import the configuration zip for the custom distribution to be used. This zip file should contain the libraries of the different Hadoop elements and the index file of these libraries.

    In Talend Exchange, members of Talend community have shared some ready-for-use configuration zip files which you can download from this Hadoop configuration list and directly use them in your connection accordingly. However, because of the ongoing evolution of the different Hadoop-related projects, you might not be able to find the configuration zip corresponding to your distribution from this list; then it is recommended to use the Import from existing version option to take an existing distribution as base to add the jars required by your distribution.

    Note that custom versions are not officially supported by Talend . Talend and its community provide you with the opportunity to connect to custom versions from the Studio but cannot guarantee that the configuration of whichever version you choose will be easy, due to the wide range of different Hadoop distributions and versions that are available. As such, you should only attempt to set up such a connection if you have sufficient Hadoop experience to handle any issues on your own.

    Note:

    In this dialog box, the active check box must be kept selected so as to import the jar files pertinent to the connection to be created between the custom distribution and this component.

    For a step-by-step example about how to connect to a custom distribution and share this connection, see Connecting to a custom Hadoop distribution.

Hadoop version

Select the version of the Hadoop distribution you are using. The available options vary depending on the component you are using. Along with the evolution of Hadoop, please note the following changes:
  • If you use Hortonworks Data Platform V2.2, the configuration files of your cluster might be using environment variables such as ${hdp.version}. If this is your situation, you need to set the mapreduce.application.framework.path property in the Hadoop properties table of this component with the path value explicitly pointing to the MapReduce framework archive of your cluster. For example:
    mapreduce.application.framework.path=/hdp/apps/2.2.0.0-2041/mapreduce/mapreduce.tar.gz#mr-framework
  • If you use Hortonworks Data Platform V2.0.0, the type of the operating system for running the distribution and a Talend Job must be the same, such as Windows or Linux. Otherwise, you have to use Talend Jobserver to execute the Job in the same type of operating system in which the Hortonworks Data Platform V2.0.0 distribution you are using is run.

Use kerberos authentication

If you are accessing the Hadoop cluster running with Kerberos security, select this check box, then, enter the Kerberos principal name for the NameNode in the field displayed. This enables you to use your user name to authenticate against the credentials stored in Kerberos.
  • If this cluster is a MapR cluster of the version 4.0.1 or later, you can set the MapR ticket authentication configuration in addition or as an alternative by following the explanation in Connecting to a security-enabled MapR.

    Keep in mind that this configuration generates a new MapR security ticket for the username defined in the Job in each execution. If you need to reuse an existing ticket issued for the same username, leave both the Force MapR ticket authentication check box and the Use Kerberos authentication check box clear, and then MapR should be able to automatically find that ticket on the fly.

This check box is available depending on the Hadoop distribution you are connecting to.

Use a keytab to authenticate

Select the Use a keytab to authenticate check box to log into a Kerberos-enabled Hadoop system using a given keytab file. A keytab file contains pairs of Kerberos principals and encrypted keys. You need to enter the principal to be used in the Principal field and the access path to the keytab file itself in the Keytab field.

Note that the user that executes a keytab-enabled Job is not necessarily the one a principal designates but must have the right to read the keytab file being used. For example, the user name you are using to execute a Job is user1 and the principal to be used is guest; in this situation, ensure that user1 has the right to read the keytab file to be used.

NameNode URI

Type in the URI of the Hadoop NameNode. The NameNode is the master node of a Hadoop system. For example, we assume that you have chosen a machine called masternode as the NameNode of an Apache Hadoop distribution, then the location is hdfs://masternode:portnumber.

User name

The User name field is available when you are not using Kerberos to authenticate. In the User name field, enter the login user name for your distribution. If you leave it empty, the user name of the machine hosting the Studio will be used.

Group

Enter the membership including the authentication user under which the HDFS instances were started. This field is available depending on the distribution you are using.

Local directory

Local directory where are stored the files to be loaded into HDFS.

HDFS directory

Browse to, or enter the path pointing to the data to be used in the file system.

Overwrite file

Options to overwrite or not the existing file with the new one.

Use Perl5 Regex Expression as Filemask

Select this check box if you want to use Perl5 regular expressions in the Files field as file filters. This is useful when the name of the file to be used contains special characters such as parentheses.

For information about Perl5 regular expression syntax, see Perl5 Regular Expression Syntax.

Files

In the Files area, the fields to be completed are:

- File mask: type in the file name to be selected from the local directory. Regular expression is available.

- New name: give a new name to the loaded file.

Die on error

This check box is selected by default. Clear the check box to skip the row on error and complete the process for error-free rows.

Advanced settings

tStatCatcher Statistics

Select this check box to collect log data at the component level.

Hadoop properties

Talend Studio uses a default configuration for its engine to perform operations in a Hadoop distribution. If you need to use a custom configuration in a specific situation, complete this table with the property or properties to be customized. Then at runtime, the customized property or properties will override those default ones.
  • Note that if you are using the centrally stored metadata from the Repository, this table automatically inherits the properties defined in that metadata and becomes uneditable unless you change the Property type from Repository to Built-in.

For further information about the properties required by Hadoop and its related systems such as HDFS and Hive, see the documentation of the Hadoop distribution you are using or see Apache's Hadoop documentation on http://hadoop.apache.org/docs and then select the version of the documentation you want. For demonstration purposes, the links to some properties are listed below:

Global Variables

Global Variables

NB_FILE: the number of files processed. This is an After variable and it returns an integer.

TRANSFER_MESSAGES: file transferred information. This is an After variable and it returns a string.

ERROR_MESSAGE: the error message generated by the component when an error occurs. This is an After variable and it returns a string. This variable functions only if the Die on error check box is cleared, if the component has this check box.

A Flow variable functions during the execution of a component while an After variable functions after the execution of the component.

To fill up a field or expression with a variable, press Ctrl + Space to access the variable list and choose the variable to use from it.

For further information about variables, see Talend Studio User Guide.

Usage

Usage rule

This component combines HDFS connection and data extraction, thus usually used as a single-component subjob to move data from a user-defined local directory to HDFS.

Different from the tHDFSInput and the tHDFSOutput components, it runs standalone and does not generate input or output flow for the other components.

It is often connected to the Job using OnSubjobOk or OnComponentOk link, depending on the context.

Dynamic settings

Click the [+] button to add a row in the table and fill the Code field with a context variable to choose your HDFS connection dynamically from multiple connections planned in your Job. This feature is useful when you need to access files in different HDFS systems or different distributions, especially when you are working in an environment where you cannot change your Job settings, for example, when your Job has to be deployed and executed independent of Talend Studio .

The Dynamic settings table is available only when the Use an existing connection check box is selected in the Basic settings view. Once a dynamic parameter is defined, the Component List box in the Basic settings view becomes unusable.

For examples on using dynamic parameters, see Scenario: Reading data from databases through context-based dynamic connections and Scenario: Reading data from different MySQL databases using dynamically loaded connection parameters. For more information on Dynamic settings and context variables, see Talend Studio User Guide.

Prerequisites

The Hadoop distribution must be properly installed, so as to guarantee the interaction with Talend Studio . The following list presents MapR related information for example.

  • Ensure that you have installed the MapR client in the machine where the Studio is, and added the MapR client library to the PATH variable of that machine. According to MapR's documentation, the library or libraries of a MapR client corresponding to each OS version can be found under MAPR_INSTALL\ hadoop\hadoop-VERSION\lib\native. For example, the library for Windows is \lib\native\MapRClient.dll in the MapR client jar file. For further information, see the following link from MapR: http://www.mapr.com/blog/basic-notes-on-configuring-eclipse-as-a-hadoop-development-environment-for-mapr.

    Without adding the specified library or libraries, you may encounter the following error: no MapRClient in java.library.path.

  • Set the -Djava.library.path argument, for example, in the Job Run VM arguments area of the Run/Debug view in the [Preferences] dialog box in the Window menu. This argument provides to the Studio the path to the native library of that MapR client. This allows the subscription-based users to make full use of the Data viewer to view locally in the Studio the data stored in MapR.

For further information about how to install a Hadoop distribution, see the manuals corresponding to the Hadoop distribution you are using.

Limitations

JRE 1.6+ is required.