Advanced Usage Notes - 6.3

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Plugable Connection Resource Management

SJMS provides JMS Connection resource management through built-in connection pooling. This eliminates the need to depend on third party API pooling logic. However there may be times that you are required to use an external Connection resource manager such as those provided by J2EE or OSGi containers. For this SJMS provides an interface that can be used to override the internal SJMS Connection pooling capabilities. This is accomplished through the ConnectionResource interface.

The ConnectionResource provides methods for borrowing and returning Connections as needed is the contract used to provide Connection pools to the SJMS component. A user should use when it is necessary to integrate SJMS with an external connection pooling manager.

It is recommended though that for standard ConnectionFactory providers you use the ConnectionFactoryResource implementation that is provided with SJMS as-is or extend as it is optimized for this component.

Below is an example of using the pluggable ConnectionResource with the ActiveMQ PooledConnectionFactory:

public class AMQConnectionResource implements ConnectionResource {
    private PooledConnectionFactory pcf;
    public AMQConnectionResource(String connectString, int maxConnections) {
        pcf = new PooledConnectionFactory(connectString);
    public void stop() {
    public Connection borrowConnection() throws Exception {
        Connection answer = pcf.createConnection();
        return answer;
    public Connection borrowConnection(long timeout) throws Exception {
        // SNIPPED...
    public void returnConnection(Connection connection) throws Exception {
        // Do nothing since there isn't a way to return a Connection
        // to the instance of PooledConnectionFactory"Connection returned");

Then pass in the ConnectionResource to the SjmsComponent:

CamelContext camelContext = new DefaultCamelContext();
AMQConnectionResource pool = new AMQConnectionResource("tcp://localhost:33333", 1);
SjmsComponent component = new SjmsComponent();
camelContext.addComponent("sjms", component);

To see the full example of its usage please refer to the ConnectionResourceIT.

Session, Consumer, & Producer Pooling & Caching Management

Coming soon ...

Batch Message Support

The SjmsProducer supports publishing a collection of messages by creating an Exchange that encapsulates a List. This SjmsProducer will take then iterate through the contents of the List and publish each message individually.

If when producing a batch of messages there is the need to set headers that are unique to each message you can use the SJMS BatchMessage class. When the SjmsProducer encounters a BatchMessage List it will iterate each BatchMessage and publish the included payload and headers.

Below is an example of using the BatchMessage class. First we create a List of BatchMessages:

List<BatchMessage<String>> messages = new ArrayList<BatchMessage<String>>();
for (int i = 1; i <= messageCount; i++) {
    String body = "Hello World " + i;
    BatchMessage<String> message = new BatchMessage<String>(body, null);

Then publish the List:

template.sendBody("sjms:queue:batch.queue", messages);

Customizable Transaction Commit Strategies (Local JMS Transactions only)

SJMS provides a developer the means to create a custom and plugable transaction strategy through the use of the TransactionCommitStrategy interface. This allows a user to define a unique set of circumstances that the SessionTransactionSynchronization will use to determine when to commit the Session. An example of its use is the BatchTransactionCommitStrategy which is detailed further in the next section.

Transacted Batch Consumers & Producers

The SjmsComponent has been designed to support the batching of local JMS transactions on both the Producer and Consumer endpoints. How they are handled on each is very different though.

The SjmsConsumer endpoint is a straitforward implementation that will process X messages before committing them with the associated Session. To enable batched transaction on the consumer first enable transactions by setting the transacted parameter to true and then adding the transactionBatchCount and setting it to any value that is greater than 0. For example the following configuration will commit the Session every 10 messages:


If an exception occurs during the processing of a batch on the consumer endpoint, the Session rollback is invoked causing the messages to be redelivered to the next available consumer. The counter is also reset to 0 for the BatchTransactionCommitStrategy for the associated Session as well. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure they put hooks in their processors of batch messages to watch for messages with the JMSRedelivered header set to true. This is the indicator that messages were rolled back at some point and that a verification of a successful processing should occur.

A transacted batch consumer also carries with it an instance of an internal timer that waits a default amount of time (5000ms) between messages before committing the open transactions on the Session. The default value of 5000ms (minimum of 1000ms) should be adequate for most use-cases but if further tuning is necessary simply set the transactionBatchTimeout parameter.


The minimal value that will be accepted is 1000ms as the amount of context switching may cause unnecessary performance impacts without gaining benefit.

The producer endpoint is handled much differently though. With the producer after each message is delivered to its destination the Exchange is closed and there is no longer a reference to that message. To make a available all the messages available for redelivery you simply enable transactions on a Producer Endpoint that is publishing BatchMessages. The transaction will commit at the conclusion of the exchange which includes all messages in the batch list. Nothing additional need be configured. For example:

List<BatchMessage<String>> messages = new ArrayList<BatchMessage<String>>();
for (int i = 1; i <= messageCount; i++) {
    String body = "Hello World " + i;
    BatchMessage<String> message = new BatchMessage<String>(body, null);

Now publish the List with transactions enabled:

template.sendBody("sjms:queue:batch.queue?transacted=true", messages);