tLogisticRegressionModel properties for Apache Spark Batch

Machine Learning

author
Talend Documentation Team
EnrichVersion
6.5
EnrichProdName
Talend Real-Time Big Data Platform
Talend Data Fabric
Talend Big Data
Talend Big Data Platform
task
Data Quality and Preparation > Third-party systems > Machine Learning components
Data Governance > Third-party systems > Machine Learning components
Design and Development > Third-party systems > Machine Learning components
EnrichPlatform
Talend Studio

These properties are used to configure tLogisticRegressionModel running in the Spark Batch Job framework.

The Spark Batch tLogisticRegressionModel component belongs to the Machine Learning family.

This component is available in Talend Platform products with Big Data and in Talend Data Fabric.

Basic settings

Schema and Edit schema

A schema is a row description. It defines the number of fields (columns) to Repository. When you create a Spark Job, avoid the reserved word line when naming the fields.

Click Edit schema to make changes to the schema. If the current schema is of the Repository type, three options are available:

  • View schema: choose this option to view the schema only.

  • Change to built-in property: choose this option to change the schema to Built-in for local changes.

  • Update repository connection: choose this option to change the schema stored in the repository and decide whether to propagate the changes to all the Jobs upon completion. If you just want to propagate the changes to the current Job, you can select No upon completion and choose this schema metadata again in the [Repository Content] window.

Label column

Select the input column used to provide classification labels. The records of this column are used as the class names (Target in terms of classification) of the elements to be classified.

Feature column

Select the input column used to provide features. Very often, this column is the output of the feature engineering computations performed by tModelEncoder.

Save the model on file system

Select this check box to store the model in a given file system. Otherwise, the model is stored in memory. The button for browsing does not work with the Spark Local mode; if you are using the Spark Yarn or the Spark Standalone mode, ensure that you have properly configured the connection in a configuration component in the same Job, such as tHDFSConfiguration.

ElasticNet mixing parameter

Enter the ElasticNet coefficient (numerical value) used for the regularization calculation in order to control the bias/variance trade-off in feature selection. ElasticNet is the combination of L1 regularization and L2 regularization.

The value to be put varies between 0.0 and 1.0, indicating the weights of the L1 regularization and the L2 regularization in the ElasticNet combination. When the value is 0.0, the regularization is actually equivalent to the L2 regularization; when the value is 1.0, it is equivalent to the L1 regularization.

For further information about how ElasticNet is implemented in Spark, see ML linear methods, in which the related formula shows how the value you put (α in that formula) is used to calculate the ElasticNet regularization.

For further information about ElasticNet, see Regularization and variable selection via the elastic net.

Fit an intercept term

Select this check box to allow the tLogisticRegressionModel to automatically calculate the intercept constants and include them in the regression computation.

In general, intercept should present to guarantee that the residuals of your model have a mean of zero.

Maximum number of iterations

Enter the number of iterations you want the Job to perform to train the model.

Regularization

Enter the regularization coefficient (numerical value) to be used along with ElasticNet for the regularization calculation.

For further information about how this parameter is implemented in Spark, see ML linear methods, in which the related formula shows how the value you put (λ in that formula) is used to calculate the eventual regularization.

Threshold

Enter the threshold (numerical value and ranging between 0.0 and 1.0) used to separate the positive predictions from the negative predictions. An element about which the prediction score (the odds of being a case) is greater or equal to this threshold will be identified as positive, and negative otherwise.

The default threshold is 0.5.

Convergence tolerance

Enter the convergence score which the iterations are expected to obtain.

In general, smaller value will result in higher accuracy in the prediction at the cost of more iterations.

But note that in some cases, your model may not be able to reach the convergence you put despite of whatever number of iterations you want the Job to perform. This failure to converge might indicate that the convergence score you use is not realistic to the features you are processing and therefore, you need to process these features to a greater degree.

Usage

Usage rule

This component is used as an end component and requires an input link.

You can accelerate the training process by adjusting the stopping conditions such as the maximum number of iterations, the threshold or the convergence tolerance but note that the training that stops too early could impact its performance.

Model evaluation

The parameters you need to set are free parameters and so their values may be provided by previous experiments, empirical guesses or the like. They do not have any optimal values applicable for all datasets.

Therefore, you need to train the classifier model you are generating with different sets of parameter values until you can obtain the best confusion matrix. But note that you need to write the evaluation code yourself to rank your model with scores.

You need to select the scores to be used depending on the algorithm you want to use to train your classifier model. This allows you to build the most relevant confusion matrix.

For examples about how the confusion matrix is used in a Talend Job for classification, see Creating a classification model to filter spam.

For a general explanation about confusion matrix, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confusion_matrix from Wikipedia.

Spark Connection

You need to use the Spark Configuration tab in the Run view to define the connection to a given Spark cluster for the whole Job. In addition, since the Job expects its dependent jar files for execution, you must specify the directory in the file system to which these jar files are transferred so that Spark can access these files:
  • Yarn mode: when using Google Dataproc, specify a bucket in the Google Storage staging bucket field in the Spark configuration tab; when using other distributions, use a tHDFSConfiguration component to specify the directory.

  • Standalone mode: you need to choose the configuration component depending on the file system you are using, such as tHDFSConfiguration or tS3Configuration.

This connection is effective on a per-Job basis.