tExtractJSONFields in Talend Map/Reduce Jobs - 6.1

Talend Components Reference Guide

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Warning

The information in this section is only for users that have subscribed to one of the Talend solutions with Big Data and is not applicable to Talend Open Studio for Big Data users.

In a Talend Map/Reduce Job, tExtractJSONFields, as well as the other Map/Reduce components preceding it, generates native Map/Reduce code. This section presents the specific properties of tExtractJSONFields when it is used in that situation. For further information about a Talend Map/Reduce Job, see Talend Big Data Getting Started Guide.

Component family

Processing/Fields

 

Basic settings

Property type

Either Built-In or Repository.

 

 

Built-In: No property data stored centrally.

 

 

Repository: Select the repository file where the properties are stored.

 

Schema and Edit Schema

A schema is a row description. It defines the number of fields (columns) to be processed and passed on to the next component. The schema is either Built-In or stored remotely in the Repository.

Click Edit schema to make changes to the schema. If the current schema is of the Repository type, three options are available:

  • View schema: choose this option to view the schema only.

  • Change to built-in property: choose this option to change the schema to Built-in for local changes.

  • Update repository connection: choose this option to change the schema stored in the repository and decide whether to propagate the changes to all the Jobs upon completion. If you just want to propagate the changes to the current Job, you can select No upon completion and choose this schema metadata again in the [Repository Content] window.

 

 

Built-In: You create and store the schema locally for this component only. Related topic: see Talend Studio User Guide.

 

 

Repository: You have already created the schema and stored it in the Repository. You can reuse it in various projects and Job designs. Related topic: see Talend Studio User Guide.

 

Read by

Select a way of extracting the JSON data in the file.

  • Xpath: Extracts the JSON data based on the XPath query.

  • JsonPath: Extracts the JSON data based on the JSONPath query. Note that it is recommended to read the data by JSONPath in order to gain better performance.

 

JSON field

List of the JSON fields to be extracted.

 

Loop Jasonpath query

Enter the path pointing to the node within the JSON field, on which the loop is based.

Note if you have selected Xpath from the Read by drop-down list, the Loop Xpath query field is displayed instead.

 

Mapping

Complete this table to map the columns defined in the schema to the corresponding JSON nodes.

  • Column: The Column cells are automatically filled with the defined schema column names.

  • Json query/JSONPath query: Specify the JSONPath node that holds the desired data. For more information about JSONPath expressions, see http://goessner.net/articles/JsonPath/.

    This column is available only when JsonPath is selected from the Read By list.

  • XPath query: Specify the XPath node that holds the desired data.

    This column is available only when Xpath is selected from the Read By list.

  • Get Nodes: Select this check box to extract the JSON data of all the nodes or select the check box next to a specific node to extract the data of that node.

    This column is available only when Xpath is selected from the Read By list.

  • Is Array: select this check box when the JSON field to be extracted is an array instead of an object.

    This column is available only when Xpath is selected from the Read By list.

 

Die on error

Select this check box to stop the execution of the Job when an error occurs.

Clear the check box to skip any rows on error and complete the process for error-free rows. When errors are skipped, you can collect the rows on error using a Row > Reject link.

Advanced settings

Encoding

Select the encoding from the list or select Custom and define it manually. This field is compulsory for database data handling.

Global Variables

ERROR_MESSAGE: the error message generated by the component when an error occurs. This is an After variable and it returns a string. This variable functions only if the Die on error check box is cleared, if the component has this check box.

NB_LINE: the number of rows read by an input component or transferred to an output component. This is an After variable and it returns an integer.

A Flow variable functions during the execution of a component while an After variable functions after the execution of the component.

To fill up a field or expression with a variable, press Ctrl + Space to access the variable list and choose the variable to use from it.

For further information about variables, see Talend Studio User Guide.

Usage in Map/Reduce Jobs

In a Talend Map/Reduce Job, this component is used as an intermediate step and other components used along with it must be Map/Reduce components, too. They generate native Map/Reduce code that can be executed directly in Hadoop.

You need to use the Hadoop Configuration tab in the Run view to define the connection to a given Hadoop distribution for the whole Job.

For further information about a Talend Map/Reduce Job, see the sections describing how to create, convert and configure a Talend Map/Reduce Job of the Talend Big Data Getting Started Guide.

Note that in this documentation, unless otherwise explicitly stated, a scenario presents only Standard Jobs, that is to say traditional Talend data integration Jobs, and non Map/Reduce Jobs.