tMapRDBConnection - 6.3

Talend Open Studio for Big Data Components Reference Guide

EnrichVersion
6.3
EnrichProdName
Talend Open Studio for Big Data
task
Data Governance
Data Quality and Preparation
Design and Development
EnrichPlatform
Talend Studio

Function

tMapRDBConnection opens a connection to a MapRDB database.

Purpose

This component allows you to establish a MapRDB connection to be reused by other MapRDB components in a same Job.

tMapRDBConnection properties

Component Family

Big Data / MapRDB

 

Basic settings

Property type

Either Built-In or Repository.

Built-In: No property data stored centrally.

Repository: Select the repository file where the properties are stored.

The properties are stored centrally under the Hadoop Cluster node of the Repository tree.

 

Distribution and Version

Select the MapR distribution to be used. Only MapR V5.2 onwards is supported by the MapRDB components.

If the distribution you need to use with your MapRDB database is not officially supported by this MapRBD component, that is to say, this distribution is MapR but is not listed in the Version drop-down list of this components or this distribution is not MapR at all, select Custom.

In order to connect to a custom distribution, once selecting Custom, click the button to display the dialog box in which you can alternatively:

  1. Select Import from existing version to import an officially supported distribution as base and then add other required jar files which the base distribution does not provide.

  2. Select Import from zip to import the configuration zip for the custom distribution to be used. This zip file should contain the libraries of the different Hadoop elements and the index file of these libraries.

    In Talend Exchange, members of Talend community have shared some ready-for-use configuration zip files which you can download from this Hadoop configuration list and directly use them in your connection accordingly. However, because of the ongoing evolution of the different Hadoop-related projects, you might not be able to find the configuration zip corresponding to your distribution from this list; then it is recommended to use the Import from existing version option to take an existing distribution as base to add the jars required by your distribution.

    Note that custom versions are not officially supported by Talend. Talend and its community provide you with the opportunity to connect to custom versions from the Studio but cannot guarantee that the configuration of whichever version you choose will be easy, due to the wide range of different Hadoop distributions and versions that are available. As such, you should only attempt to set up such a connection if you have sufficient Hadoop experience to handle any issues on your own.

    Note

    In this dialog box, the active check box must be kept selected so as to import the jar files pertinent to the connection to be created between the custom distribution and this component.

    For a step-by-step example about how to connect to a custom distribution and share this connection, see Connecting to a custom Hadoop distribution.

 

Hadoop version of the distribution

This list is displayed only when you have selected Custom from the distribution list to connect to a cluster not yet officially supported by the Studio. In this situation, you need to select the Hadoop version of this custom cluster, that is to say, Hadoop 1 or Hadoop 2.

 

Zookeeper quorum

Type in the name or the URL of the Zookeeper service you use to coordinate the transaction between your Studio and your database. Note that when you configure the Zookeeper, you might need to explicitly set the zookeeper.znode.parent property to define the path to the root znode that contains all the znodes created and used by your database; then select the Set Zookeeper znode parent check box to define this property.

 

Zookeeper client port

Type in the number of the client listening port of the Zookeeper service you are using.

 

Inspect the classpath for configurations

Select this check box to allow the component to check the configuration files in the directory you have set with the $HADOOP_CONF_DIR variable and directly read parameters from these files in this directory. This feature allows you to easily change the Hadoop configuration for the component to switch between different environments, for example, from a test environment to a production environment.

In this situation, the fields or options used to configure Hadoop connection and/or Kerberos security are hidden.

If you want to use certain parameters such as the Kerberos parameters but these parameters are not included in these Hadoop configuration files, you need to create a file called talend-site.xml and put this file into the same directory defined with $HADOOP_CONF_DIR. This talend-site.xml file should read as follows:

<!-- Put site-specific property overrides in this file. --> 
<configuration> 
    <property> 
        <name>talend.kerberos.authentication </name> 
        <value>kinit </value>
         <description> Set the Kerberos authentication method to use. Valid values are: kinit or keytab.  </description> 
    </property> 
    <property> 
        <name>talend.kerberos.keytab.principal </name>
        <value>user@BIGDATA.COM </value>
        <description> Set the keytab's principal name.  </description>
    </property> 
    <property>   
        <name>talend.kerberos.keytab.path </name> 
        <value>/kdc/user.keytab </value> 
        <description> Set the keytab's path.  </description> 
    </property> 
    <property> 
        <name>talend.encryption </name> 
        <value>none </value> 
        <description> Set the encryption method to use. Valid values are: none or ssl.  </description> 
    </property> 
    <property> 
        <name>talend.ssl.trustStore.path </name> 
        <value>ssl </value> 
        <description> Set SSL trust store path.  </description> 
    </property> 
    <property> 
        <name>talend.ssl.trustStore.password </name> 
        <value>ssl </value> 
        <description> Set SSL trust store password.  </description> 
    </property> 
</configuration>

The parameters read from these configuration files override the default ones used by the Studio. When a parameter does not exist in these configuration files, the default one is used.

 

Use kerberos authentication

If the database to be used is running with Kerberos security, select this check box, then, enter the principal names in the displayed fields. You should be able to find the information in the hbase-site.xml file of the cluster to be used.

  • If this cluster is a MapR cluster of the version 4.0.1 or later, you can set the MapR ticket authentication configuration in addition or as an alternative by following the explanation in Connecting to a security-enabled MapR.

    Keep in mind that this configuration generates a new MapR security ticket for the username defined in the Job in each execution. If you need to reuse an existing ticket issued for the same username, leave both the Force MapR ticket authentication check box and the Use Kerberos authentication check box clear, and then MapR should be able to automatically find that ticket on the fly.

If you need to use a Kerberos keytab file to log in, select Use a keytab to authenticate. A keytab file contains pairs of Kerberos principals and encrypted keys. You need to enter the principal to be used in the Principal field and the access path to the keytab file itself in the Keytab field.

Note that the user that executes a keytab-enabled Job is not necessarily the one a principal designates but must have the right to read the keytab file being used. For example, the user name you are using to execute a Job is user1 and the principal to be used is guest; in this situation, ensure that user1 has the right to read the keytab file to be used.

For further information about how Kerberos can be configured for your database in a MapR cluster, see Configuring Kerberos Authentication.

Advanced settings

Properties

If you need to use custom configuration for your database, complete this table with the property or properties to be customized. Then at runtime, the customized property or properties will override those corresponding ones defined earlier for your database.

For example, you need to define the value of the dfs.replication property as 1 for the database configuration. Then you need to add one row to this table using the plus button and type in the name and the value of this property in this row.

 

tStatCatcher Statistics

Select this check box to collect the log data at a component level.

Global Variables

ERROR_MESSAGE: the error message generated by the component when an error occurs. This is an After variable and it returns a string. This variable functions only if the Die on error check box is cleared, if the component has this check box.

A Flow variable functions during the execution of a component while an After variable functions after the execution of the component.

To fill up a field or expression with a variable, press Ctrl + Space to access the variable list and choose the variable to use from it.

For further information about variables, see Talend Studio User Guide.

Usage

This component is generally used with other MapRDB components, particularly tMapRDBClose.

Prerequisites

Before starting, ensure that you have met the Loopback IP prerequisites expected by your database.

The Hadoop distribution must be properly installed, so as to guarantee the interaction with Talend Studio. The following list presents MapR related information for example.

  • Ensure that you have installed the MapR client in the machine where the Studio is, and added the MapR client library to the PATH variable of that machine. According to MapR's documentation, the library or libraries of a MapR client corresponding to each OS version can be found under MAPR_INSTALL\ hadoop\hadoop-VERSION\lib\native. For example, the library for Windows is \lib\native\MapRClient.dll in the MapR client jar file. For further information, see the following link from MapR: http://www.mapr.com/blog/basic-notes-on-configuring-eclipse-as-a-hadoop-development-environment-for-mapr.

    Without adding the specified library or libraries, you may encounter the following error: no MapRClient in java.library.path.

  • Set the -Djava.library.path argument, for example, in the Job Run VM arguments area of the Run/Debug view in the [Preferences] dialog box in the Window menu. This argument provides to the Studio the path to the native library of that MapR client. This allows the subscription-based users to make full use of the Data viewer to view locally in the Studio the data stored in MapR.

For further information about how to install a Hadoop distribution, see the manuals corresponding to the Hadoop distribution you are using.

Related scenario

This component is similar to tHBaseConnection. For a scenario about how to use tHBaseConnection, see Scenario: Exchanging customer data with HBase.