SAP HANA Database (via JDBC) - Import - 7.1

Talend Data Catalog Bridges

author
Talend Documentation Team
EnrichVersion
7.1
EnrichProdName
Talend Big Data Platform
Talend Data Fabric
Talend Data Management Platform
Talend Data Services Platform
Talend MDM Platform
Talend Real-Time Big Data Platform
EnrichPlatform
Talend Data Catalog

Bridge Specifications

Vendor SAP
Tool Name HANA Database
Tool Version 15
Tool Web Site http://www.sap.com/pc/tech/database/software/adaptive-server-enterprise/index.html
Supported Methodology [Relational Database] Multi-Model, Data Store (Physical Data Model, Stored Procedure Expression Parsing) via JDBC API
Multi-Model Harvesting
Incremental Harvesting
Data Profiling
Remote Repository Browsing for Model Selection

SPECIFICATIONS
Tool: SAP / HANA Database version 15 via JDBC API
See http://www.sap.com/pc/tech/database/software/adaptive-server-enterprise/index.html
Metadata: [Relational Database] Multi-Model, Data Store (Physical Data Model, Stored Procedure Expression Parsing)
Component: JdbcSAPHana version 11.0.0

OVERVIEW
This bridge uses a JDBC connection to a SAP HANA database server to extract all its metadata (e.g. Schemas, Tables, Columns, Data Types.) and parse any SQL (e.g. Views, Stored Procedures)to produce the data flow lineage.

This bridge imports the SAP HANA database server metadata as multi models with one model per database instance (not at the schema level). Further imports (incremental harvesting) will detect changes in database instances to only import changed database instances (reusing already harvested unchanged database instances).

REQUIREMENTS
See the Driver Location parameter for any JDBC driver requirements.
See the User parameter for any user permission requirements.

Driver details:
- driver name: SAP (com.sap.db.jdbc.Driver)
- driver version 2.2.33.1510080117
- file: ngdbc.jar (788,596 bytes)
- file location: ${MODEL_BRIDGE_HOME}/java/Jdbc/SapHana

Permissions:
This bridge will connect to the sys tables which exists in SAP Hana environment when importing metadata.

The username specified must have the permission to select metadata of schemas imported.
CREATE USER user1 PASSWORD password1 NO FORCE_FIRST_PASSWORD_CHANGE;
GRANT SELECT METADATA ON SCHEMA schema1 TO user1;
GRANT SELECT METADATA ON SCHEMA schema2 TO user1;

Also the username specified must have the permission to select on system table _SYS_REPO.ACTIVE_OBJECT and on system schemas _SYS_BI and _SYS_BIC.
GRANT SELECT ON _SYS_REPO.ACTIVE_OBJECT TO user1;
GRANT SELECT ON SCHEMA _SYS_BI TO user1;
GRANT SELECT ON SCHEMA _SYS_BIC TO user1;

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
n/a

LIMITATIONS
Refer to the current general known limitations at http://metaintegration.com/Products/MIMB/MIMBKnownLimitations.html or bundled in Documentation/ReadMe/MIMBKnownLimitations.html

This import bridge parses the HANA Calculation Views to generate feature/column level data flow linage.
However, this bridge does not support the lineage from HANA Attribute Views and Analytical Views as they have been deprecated by SAP.
https://archive.sap.com/documents/docs/DOC-73509

SUPPORT
Provide a trouble shooting package with:
- the debug log (can be set in the UI or in conf/conf.properties with MIR_LOG_LEVEL=6)
- the metadata backup if available (can be set in the Miscellaneous parameter with option -backup)


Bridge Parameters

Parameter Name Description Type Values Default Scope
Driver location The JDBC driver folder location where all found JAR files will be added to the CLASSPATH.
The SAP HANA JDBC driver default location is: ${MODEL_BRIDGE_HOME}/java/Jdbc/SapHana

The 'com.sap.db.jdbc.Driver' JDBC driver with the 'SAP' name is required.
DIRECTORY      
Host The host name used by JDBC to connect to the database server (localhost by default) e.g.
MyDatabaseServer.com

or its IP address, e.g.
192.169.1.2

or its full qualified JDBC connection string, e.g.
jdbc:sap://COMPUTER_NAME_OR_IP:DATABASE_TUNNEL_PORT/?autocommit=false
STRING   localhost Mandatory
Port The port used by JDBC to connect to the database server (39013 by default for SAP HANA).
This parameter is ignored if the Host parameter is based on a fully qualified JDBC connection string that includes the port.
NUMERIC   39013  
Database The name of the database instance to import. STRING     Mandatory
User The user name used by JDBC to connect to the database server.
This parameter is ignored if the Host parameter is based on a fully qualified JDBC connection string that includes the user name.

USER PERMISSIONS
As with any other bridges, this bridge is warranted to be read only and only extracts metadata. Therefore the user of this bridge requires much less permissions than classic users needing to read/write data.

However, this bridge needs a user with (read only) access to system tables in order to access advanced metadata such as the SQL of views or stored procedures which are not implemented in the metadata portion of the JDBC driver, therefore the Database Administrator (DBA) needs to be involved in order get the proper user with enough permissions.

Note that there are no specific instructions as to what are the minimal set of permissions required as it varies from different database types and versions. In order to ensure that this bridge is working properly, one must first import using this bridge with a FULL Sys Admin type username (all permissions), i.e., the same type of username that is used to create and maintain the DB. Once this bridge is working properly against a given DB, then the DBA may create a user with lesser privileges that still produce a successful result.
STRING      
Password The user password used by JDBC to connect to the database server. PASSWORD      
Schema The subset of schemas to import expressed as a semicolon separated list of schemas, e.g.
schema1; schema2

All user schemas are imported if that list is empty.

All system schemas (e.g. SysAdmin) and objects are ignored by default. If system schemas are needed, use the Miscellaneous parameter option -s.

Schema name patterns using a SQL like expression syntax:

- Inclusion syntax:
using '%, e.g.
A%; %B; %C%; D
- start with A or
- end with B or
- contain C or
- equal D

- Exclusion syntax:
using 'NOT", e.g.
A%; %B; NOT %SYS; NOT 'SYS%'
- where (name like A% or name like %B)
- and (name NOT like %SYS)
- and (name NOT like 'SYS%')

- Special characters:
using single quote, e.g.
OneWord%; 'Two Words%'
REPOSITORY_SUBSET      
Package Description: you can specify a list of database packages to import.
When the list is empty all available packages are imported.
The list can have one or more package names separated by semicolons (e.g. package1; package2).
You can specify subpackages using dot (e.g. package1.subpackage1_2.subsubpackage1_2_2).
If you specify a package then you import the package as well as all children subpackages.
REPOSITORY_SUBSET      
Tables, Views The subset of tables to import expressed as a semicolon separated list of tables, e.g.
table1; table2

All user tables are imported if that list is empty.

All system tables (e.g. SysAdmin) and objects are ignored by default. If system tables are needed, use the Miscellaneous parameter option -s.

Table name patterns using a SQL like expression syntax:

- Inclusion syntax:
using '%, e.g.
A%; %B; %C%; D
- start with A or
- end with B or
- contain C or
- equal D

- Exclusion syntax:
using 'NOT", e.g.
A%; %B; NOT %SYS; NOT 'SYS%'
- where (name like A% or name like %B)
- and (name NOT like %SYS)
- and (name NOT like 'SYS%')

- Special characters:
using single quote, e.g.
OneWord%; 'Two Words%'
STRING      
Stored procedure details Controls the amount of details imported from stored procedures:

'Signature'
The name and parameters of stored procedures

'Code, signature'
The above plus code

'Lineage, code, signature'
The above plus data lineage derived from the code

'None'
stored procedure details are not included.
ENUMERATED
None
Signature
Code, signature
Lineage, code, signature
Signature  
Import indexes Controls the import of Indexes:

'False'
Indexes are not imported

'True'
Indexes are imported
BOOLEAN
False
True
False  
Miscellaneous
INTRODUCTION
Specify miscellaneous options starting with a dash and optionally followed by parameters, e.g.
-connection.cast MyDatabase1="SQL Server"
Some options can be used multiple times if applicable, e.g.
-connection.rename NewConnection1=OldConnection1 -connection.rename NewConnection2=OldConnection2;
As the list of options can become a long string, it is possible to load it from a file which must be located in ${MODEL_BRIDGE_HOME}\data\MIMB\parameters and have the extension .txt. In such case, all options must be defined within that file as the only value of this parameter, e.g.
ETL/Miscellaneous.txt

JAVA ENVIRONMENT OPTIONS
-java.memory <Java Memory's maximum size> (previously -m)

1G by default on 64bits JRE or as set in conf/conf.properties, e.g.
-java.memory 8G
-java.memory 8000M

-java.parameters <Java Runtime Environment command line options> (previously -j)

This option must be the last one in the Miscellaneous parameter as all the text after -java.parameters is passed "as is" to the JRE, e.g.
-java.parameters -Dname=value -Xms1G
The following option must be set when a proxy is used to access internet (this is critical to access https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/ (and exceptionally a few other tool sites) in order to download the necessary third party software libraries.
-java.parameters -Dhttp.proxyHost=127.0.0.1 -Dhttp.proxyPort=3128 -Dhttps.proxyHost=127.0.0.1 -Dhttps.proxyPort=3128 -Dhttp.proxyUser=user -Dhttp.proxyPassword=pass -Dhttps.proxyUser=user -Dhttps.proxyPassword=pass

-java.executable <Java Runtime Environment full path name> (previously -jre)

It can be an absolute path to javaw.exe on Windows or a link/script path on Linux, e.g.
-java.executable "c:\Program Files\Java\jre1.8.0_211\bin\javaw.exe"

-environment.variable <name>=<value> (previously -v)

None by default, e.g.
-environment.variable var2="value2 with spaces"

MODEL IMPORT OPTIONS
-model.name <model name>

Override the model name, e.g.
-model.name "My Model Name"

-prescript <script name>

The script must be located in the bin directory, and have .bat or .sh extension.
The script path must not include any parent directory symbol (..).
The script should return exit code 0 to indicate success, or another value to indicate failure.
For example:
-prescript "script.bat arg1 arg2"

-cache.clear

Clears the cache before the import, and therefore will run a full import without incremental harvesting.
Warning: this is a system option managed by the application calling the bridge and should not be set by users.

-backup <directory>

Full path of an empty directory to save the metadata input files for further troubleshooting.

DATA CONNECTION OPTIONS
Data Connections are produced by the import bridges typically from ETL/DI and BI tools to refer to the source and target data stores they use. These data connections are then used by metadata management tools to connect them (metadata stitching) to their actual data stores (e.g. databases, file system, etc.) in order to produce the full end to end data flow lineage and impact analysis. The name of each data connection is unique by import model. The data connection names used within DI/BI design tools are used when possible, otherwise connection names are generated to be short but meaningful such as the database / schema name, the file system path, or Uniform Resource Identifier (URI). The following options allows to manipulate connections. These options replaces the legacy options -c, -cd, and -cs.

-connection.cast ConnectionName=ConnectionType

Casts a generic database connection (e.g. ODBC/JDBC) to a precise database type (e.g. ORACLE) for SQL Parsing, e.g.
-connection.cast "My Database"="SQL SERVER".
The list of supported data store connection types includes:
ACCESS
CASSANDRA
DB2
DENODO
HIVE
MYSQL
NETEZZA
ORACLE
POSTGRESQL
PRESTO
REDSHIFT
SALESFORCE
SAP HANA
SNOWFLAKE
SQL SERVER
SYBASE
TERADATA
VECTORWISE
VERTICA

-connection.rename OldConnection=NewConnection

Renames an existing connection to a new name, e.g.
-connection.rename OldConnectionName=NewConnectionName
Multiple existing database connections can be renamed and merged into one new database connection, e.g.
-connection.rename MySchema1=MyDatabase -connection.rename MySchema2=MyDatabase

-connection.split oldConnection.Schema1=newConnection

Splits a database connection into one or multiple database connections.
A single database connection can be split into one connection per schema, e.g.
-connection.split MyDatabase
All database connections can be split into one connection per schema, e.g.
-connection.split *
A database connection can be explicitly split creating a new database connection by appending a schema name to a database, e.g.
-connection.split MyDatabase.schema1=MySchema1

-connection.map DestinationPath=SourcePath

Maps a source path to destination path. This is useful for file system connections when different paths points to the same object (directory or file).
On Hadoop, a process can write into a CSV file specified with the HDFS full path, but another process reads from a HIVE table implemented (external) by the same file specified using a relative path with default file name and extension, e.g.
-connection.map hdfs://host:8020/users/user1/folder/file.csv=/user1/folder
On Linux, a given directory (or file) like /data can be referred to by multiple symbolic links like /users/john and /users/paul, e.g.
-connection.map /users/John=/data -connection.map /users/paul=/data
On Windows, a given directory like C:\data can be referred to by multiple network drives like M: and N:, e.g.
-connection.map M:\=C:\data -connection.map N:\=C:\data

JDBC DATABASE OPTIONS
-system.objects.import (previously -s)

Imports all system objects (that are skipped by default).

-synonyms.ignore (previously -synonyms)

Ignores the synonyms when importing, therefore reducing the size of the model when a large number synonyms exisit.

-data.dictionary.server <database identification name> (previously -server.name)

Sets a server name for the data dictionary to use for extracting tables and view definitions.
In a multitenant Container Database (CDB), the metadata for data dictionary tables and view definitions is stored only at the root level. However, each Pluggable Database (PDB) has its own set of data dictionary tables and views for the database objects contained in the PDB. It is possible that some dba_ views are not available because they are not applicable.

-driver.fetch.size <number of rows> (previously -f)

The database driver fetch size in number of rows, e.g.
-driver.fetch.size 100

-model.split (previously -multiModel)

Splits a large database model into multi models (e.g. one schema per model).
Warning: this is a system option managed by the application calling this bridge and should not be set by users.
STRING      

 

Bridge Mapping

Meta Integration Repository (MIR)
Metamodel
(based on the OMG CWM standard)
"SAP HANA Database (via JDBC)"
Metamodel
Jdbc
Mapping Comments
     
Name Name  
Attribute Table Column  
Comment Comments on the column If JDBC driver supports
InitialValue Default value  
Name Name  
Optional Based on the nullable property For Access databases, set to false only if the attribute is in a Unique Index
PhysicalName Name  
Position Position If position is not provided, the order in which the attributes are retrieved is used.
BaseType Types  
DataType Data Type See datatype conversion array
Length Size  
Name   The name is computed from the datatype
PhysicalName Name  
Scale Maximum scale  
Class Table of type "TABLE"
Comment Comments on the table If JDBC driver supports
CppClassType   Set to ENTITY
CppPersistent   Set to True
Name Name  
PhysicalName Name  
ClassDiagram Schema A class diagram is created for each package and contains all the elements of the package
DerivedType Column Table column, stored procedure column SQL View column or type
DataType Data Type See datatype conversion array
Length Size  
Name   The name is computed from the datatype
PhysicalName Name  
Scale Decimal digits  
UserDefined   True for Type
DesignPackage Schema A Package is created for each retrieved schema. If there is no schema a default package is created.
Name Name Set to "Schema" if there is no schema or the schema has no name.
SQLViewAttribute View Column  
Comment Comments on the column If JDBC driver supports
Name Name  
PhysicalName Name  
Position Ordinal position  
SQLViewEntity Table of type "VIEW"
Comment Comments on the table If JDBC driver supports
Name Name  
PhysicalName Name  
StoreModel Catalog The model is built using the elements contained in the catalog (e.g. the database for MS SQL server)
Name Name Set to "Catalog" if the catalog has no name.
Synonym Table Synonym If JDBC driver supports
Name Name