Fixed Width File - Import - Cloud

Talend Cloud Data Catalog Bridges

author
Talend Documentation Team
EnrichVersion
Cloud
EnrichProdName
Talend Cloud
EnrichPlatform
Talend Data Catalog

Note: This file format needs to be imported with the File System (CSV, Excel, XML, JSON, Avro, Parquet, ORC, COBOL Copybook), Apache Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS Java API) or Amazon Web Services (AWS) S3 Storage bridges.

Bridge Specifications

Vendor ISO
Tool Name Fixed Width File
Tool Version N/A
Tool Web Site https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flat-file_database
Supported Methodology [File System] Data Store (Physical Data Model) via TXT File
Data Profiling
Remote Repository Browsing for Model Selection
Multi-Model Harvesting
Incremental Harvesting

SPECIFICATIONS
Tool: ISO / Fixed Width File version N/A via TXT File
See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flat-file_database
Metadata: [File System] Data Store (Physical Data Model)
Component: PositionalFile version 11.0.0

OVERVIEW
This bridge creates metadata for data files of type Fixed Width File.
Such metadata cannot be automatically detected (reverse engineered) by sampling the data files (e.g. customers.dat or even just customers with no extension).
Therefore, this bridge imports a 'Fixed Width File Definition' file which must be with extension .fixed_width_file_definition format file
(e.g. customers.dat.fixed_width_file_definition format file will create the metadata of a file named file customers with the fields defined inside)
This is the equivalent of a RDBMS DDL for fixed width files. With such a long extension, this data definition file can coexist with the actual data files in the each file system directory containing them.

The 'Fixed Width File Definition' file format is defined as follows:
- Format file must start with the following header:
column name, offset, width, data type, comment
- All offsets must be unique and greater than or equal to 0.
a,0
b,4
- The file format is invalid when some columns have offsets and others don't.
a,0
b,
c,4
- When all columns do not have offsets but have widths the application assumes that columns are ordered and calculates offsets based on widths.
a,,4 -> a,1,4
b,,25 -> b,5,25
- When the offset is present the application uses widths for documentation only.
a,1,4
b,5,25
- Types and comments are used as documentation only.
a,1,4,int
b,5,25,char[25],identifier

This bridge detects the following data types: INTEGER, FLOAT, STRING, DATE, BOOLEAN.


Bridge Parameters

Parameter Name Description Type Values Default Scope
File The bridge uses the fixed_width_file_definition file as input. FILE *.fixed_width_file_definition   Mandatory
Encoding Specifies the character set encoding of the model to be imported.
If there are multiple choices for a language, the actual encoding will be indicated between parentheses.
ENUMERATED
Central and Eastern European (iso-8859-2)
Central and Eastern European (windows-1250)
Chinese Traditional (big5)
Chinese Simplified (GB18030)
Chinese Simplified (GB2312)
Cyrillic (iso-8859-5)
Cyrillic (windows-1251)
DOS (ibm-850)
Greek (iso-8859-7)
Greek (windows-1253)
Hebrew (iso-8859-8)
Hebrew (windows-1255)
Japanese (shift_jis)
Korean (ks_c_5601-1987)
Thai (TIS620)
Thai (windows-874)
Turkish (iso-8859-9)
Turkish (windows-1254)
UTF 8 (utf-8)
UTF 16 (utf-16)
Western European (iso-8859-1)
Western European (iso-8859-15)
Western European (windows-1252)
Locale encoding
No encoding conversion
utf-8  
Miscellaneous INTRODUCTION
Specify miscellaneous options starting with a dash and optionally followed by parameters, e.g.
-connection.cast MyDatabase1="SQL Server"
Some options can be used multiple times if applicable, e.g.
-connection.rename NewConnection1=OldConnection1 -connection.rename NewConnection2=OldConnection2;
As the list of options can become a long string, it is possible to load it from a file which must be located in ${MODEL_BRIDGE_HOME}\data\MIMB\parameters and have the extension .txt. In such case, all options must be defined within that file as the only value of this parameter, e.g.
ETL/Miscellaneous.txt

JAVA ENVIRONMENT OPTIONS
-m <Java Memory's maximum size>
1G by default on 64bits JRE or as set in conf/conf.properties, e.g.
-m 8G
-m 8000M

-j <Java Runtime Environment command line options>
This option must be the last one in the Miscellaneous parameter as all the text after -j is passed "as is" to the JRE, e.g.
-j -Dname=value -Xms1G
The following option must be set when a proxy is used to access internet (this is critical to access https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/ (and exceptionally a few other tool sites) in order to download the necessary third party software libraries.
-j -Dhttp.proxyHost=127.0.0.1 -Dhttp.proxyPort=3128 -Dhttps.proxyHost=127.0.0.1 -Dhttps.proxyPort=3128 -Dhttp.proxyUser=user -Dhttp.proxyPassword=pass -Dhttps.proxyUser=user -Dhttps.proxyPassword=pass

-jre <Java Runtime Environment full path name>
It can be an absolute path to javaw.exe on Windows or a link/script path on Linux, e.g.
-jre "c:\Program Files\Java\jre1.8.0_211\bin\javaw.exe"

-v <Environment variable value>
None by default, e.g.
-v var1=value1 -v var2="value2 with spaces"

MODEL IMPORT OPTIONS
-model.name <model name>
Override the model name, e.g.
-model.name "My Model Name"

-prescript <script name>
The script must be located in the bin directory, and have .bat or .sh extension.
The script path must not include any parent directory symbol (..).
The script should return exit code 0 to indicate success, or another value to indicate failure.
For example:
-prescript "script.bat arg1 arg2"

-cache.clear
Clears the cache before the import, and therefore will run a full import without incremental harvesting.
Warning: this is a system option managed by the application calling the bridge and should not be set by users.

-backup <directory>
Full path of an empty directory to save the metadata input files for further troubleshooting.

DATA CONNECTION OPTIONS
Data Connections are produced by the import bridges typically from ETL/DI and BI tools to refer to the source and target data stores they use. These data connections are then used by metadata management tools to connect them (metadata stitching) to their actual data stores (e.g. databases, file system, etc.) in order to produce the full end to end data flow lineage and impact analysis. The name of each data connection is unique by import model. The data connection names used within DI/BI design tools are used when possible, otherwise connection names are generated to be short but meaningful such as the database / schema name, the file system path, or Uniform Resource Identifier (URI). The following options allows to manipulate connections. These options replaces the legacy options -c, -cd, and -cs.

-connection.cast ConnectionName=ConnectionType
Casts a generic database connection (e.g. ODBC/JDBC) to a precise database type (e.g. ORACLE) for SQL Parsing, e.g.
-connection.cast "My Database"="SQL SERVER".
The list of supported data store connection types includes:
ACCESS
CASSANDRA
DB2
DENODO
HIVE
MYSQL
NETEZZA
ORACLE
POSTGRESQL
PRESTO
REDSHIFT
SALESFORCE
SAP HANA
SNOWFLAKE
SQL SERVER
SYBASE
TERADATA
VECTORWISE
VERTICA

-connection.rename OldConnection=NewConnection
Renames an existing connection to a new name, e.g.
-connection.rename OldConnectionName=NewConnectionName
Multiple existing database connections can be renamed and merged into one new database connection, e.g.
-connection.rename MySchema1=MyDatabase -connection.rename MySchema2=MyDatabase

-connection.split oldConnection.Schema1=newConnection
Splits a database connection into one or multiple database connections.
A single database connection can be split into one connection per schema, e.g.
-connection.split MyDatabase
All database connections can be split into one connection per schema, e.g.
-connection.split *
A database connection can be explicitly split creating a new database connection by appending a schema name to a database, e.g.
-connection.split MyDatabase.schema1=MySchema1

-connection.map DestinationPath=SourcePath
Maps a source path to destination path. This is useful for file system connections when different paths points to the same object (directory or file).
On Hadoop, a process can write into a CSV file specified with the HDFS full path, but another process reads from a HIVE table implemented (external) by the same file specified using a relative path with default file name and extension, e.g.
-connection.map hdfs://host:8020/users/user1/folder/file.csv=/user1/folder
On Linux, a given directory (or file) like /data can be referred to by multiple symbolic links like /users/john and /users/paul, e.g.
-connection.map /users/John=/data -connection.map /users/paul=/data
On Windows, a given directory like C:\data can be referred to by multiple network drives like M: and N:, e.g.
-connection.map M:\=C:\data -connection.map N:\=C:\data

-pppd
Create the connections and connection data sets in DI/ETL design models. This feature should only be used when intending to export to another DI/ETL tool.

FILE SYSTEM OPTIONS
-file.encoding <Encoding value>
Uses the provided encoding value to read the text files (e.f. delimited and fixed width).
The supported languages are listed below with the actual encoding value between parentheses at the end of each line, e.g.
-file.encoding shift_jis

Central and Eastern European (iso-8859-2)
Central and Eastern European (windows-1250)
Chinese Traditional (big5)
Chinese Simplified (GB18030)
Chinese Simplified (GB2312)
Cyrillic (iso-8859-5)
Cyrillic (windows-1251)
DOS (ibm-850)
Greek (iso-8859-7)
Greek (windows-1253)
Hebrew (iso-8859-8)
Hebrew (windows-1255)
Japanese (shift_jis)
Korean (ks_c_5601-1987)
Thai (TIS620)
Thai (windows-874)
Turkish (iso-8859-9)
Turkish (windows-1254)
UTF 8 (utf-8)
UTF 16 (utf-16)
Western European (iso-8859-1)
Western European (iso-8859-15)
Western European (windows-1252)
Locale encoding
No encoding conversion

-tps <Processing Thread Pool Size's maximum count>
By default 1, for e.g.
-tps 10

-tl <Processing Time Limit duration>
No limits by default. Time can be specified in seconds, minutes, or hours, e.g.
-tl 3600s
-tl 60m
-tl 1h

-fl <Processing File Limit count>
No limits by default, e.g.
-fl 100

-hadoop <Hadoop configuration options>
None by default, e.g.
-hadoop key1=val1;key2=val2

-fresh.partition.models
Use to import latest modified files when processing partitions defined in Partitioned directories parameter.

-subst <path> <new path>
Use to associate a root path part with a drive or another path, e.g.
-subst K: C:/test

-skip.download
Use to disable dependencies downloading and use only download cache

-disable.partitions.autodetection
Use this option to disable automatic partitions detection(when "Partition directories" option is empty)

DELIMITED FILE OPTIONS
-delimited.no_header
Delimited File's header by default, bridge automatically tries to detect headers while processing csv files(basing on header columns types), use this option to disable headers import(f.e. to hide sensitive data)

-delimited.top_rows_skip <number>
Delimited file's number of rows to skip while processing (0 by default), e.g.
-delimited.top_rows_skip 1

-delimited.extra_separators <comma separated separators>
Delimited file's extra delimiters (separators by default are ), e.g.
-delimited.extra_separators ~,||,|~

PARQUET FILE OPTIONS
-parquet.compressed.max.size=<value>
Ignore parquet archives with size bigger then defined with this option value (Default value is 10 000 000 bytes), e.g.
-parquet.compressed.max.size=10000000
STRING      

 

Bridge Mapping

Mapping information is not available