Apache Avro File (JSON) - Import - Cloud

Talend Cloud Data Catalog Bridges

Talend Documentation Team
Talend Cloud
Talend Data Catalog

Note: This file format needs to be imported with the File System (CSV, Excel, XML, JSON, Avro, Parquet, ORC, COBOL Copybook), Apache Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS Java API) or Amazon Web Services (AWS) S3 Storage bridges.

Bridge Requirements

This bridge:
  • requires Internet access to https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/ and/or other tool sites to download drivers into <TDC_HOME>/data/download/MIMB/.

Bridge Specifications

Vendor Apache
Tool Name Avro File (JSON)
Tool Version Avro 1.x
Tool Web Site https://avro.apache.org/
Supported Methodology [File System] Data Store (NoSQL / Hierarchical, Physical Data Model) via Java API on AVRO File
Incremental Harvesting
Multi-Model Harvesting
Remote Repository Browsing for Model Selection
Data Profiling

Tool: Apache / Avro File (JSON) version Avro 1.x via Java API on AVRO File
See https://avro.apache.org/
Metadata: [File System] Data Store (NoSQL / Hierarchical, Physical Data Model)
Component: Avro version 11.0.0

This bridge requires internet access to https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/ (and exceptionally a few other tool sites)
in order to download the necessary third party software libraries into $HOME/data/download/MIMB/
- If https fails, the bridge then tries with http.
- If a proxy is used to access internet, you must configure that proxy in the JRE (see the -j option in the Miscellaneous parameter).
- If the bridge does not have access to internet, that directory can be copied from another server with internet access.
By running this bridge, you hereby acknowledge responsibility for the license terms and any potential security vulnerabilities from these downloaded third party software libraries.

This bridge imports metadata from Avro files using a Java API.
Note that this bridge is not performing any data driven metadata discovery, but instead reading the schema definition at the header (top) of the Avro file.

This bridge detects the following standard Avro data types:

null - no value.
boolean - a binary value.
int - a 32-bit signed integer.
long - a 64-bit signed integer.
float - a single precision (32 bit) IEEE 754 floating-point number.
double - double precision (64-bit) IEEE 754 floating-point number.
bytes - sequence of 8-bit unsigned bytes.
string - Unicode character sequence.

Bridge Parameters

Parameter Name Description Type Values Default Scope
File Path to file to import FILE *.*   Mandatory
Miscellaneous INTRODUCTION
Specify miscellaneous options starting with a dash and optionally followed by parameters, e.g.
-connection.cast MyDatabase1="SQL Server"
Some options can be used multiple times if applicable, e.g.
-connection.rename NewConnection1=OldConnection1 -connection.rename NewConnection2=OldConnection2;
As the list of options can become a long string, it is possible to load it from a file which must be located in ${MODEL_BRIDGE_HOME}\data\MIMB\parameters and have the extension .txt. In such case, all options must be defined within that file as the only value of this parameter, e.g.

-java.memory <Java Memory's maximum size> (previously -m)
1G by default on 64bits JRE or as set in conf/conf.properties, e.g.
-java.memory 8G
-java.memory 8000M

-java.parameters <Java Runtime Environment command line options> (previously-j)
This option must be the last one in the Miscellaneous parameter as all the text after -java.parameters is passed "as is" to the JRE, e.g.
-java.parameters -Dname=value -Xms1G
The following option must be set when a proxy is used to access internet (this is critical to access https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/ (and exceptionally a few other tool sites) in order to download the necessary third party software libraries.
-java.parameters -Dhttp.proxyHost= -Dhttp.proxyPort=3128 -Dhttps.proxyHost= -Dhttps.proxyPort=3128 -Dhttp.proxyUser=user -Dhttp.proxyPassword=pass -Dhttps.proxyUser=user -Dhttps.proxyPassword=pass

-java.executable <Java Runtime Environment full path name> (previously -jre)
It can be an absolute path to javaw.exe on Windows or a link/script path on Linux, e.g.
-java.executable "c:\Program Files\Java\jre1.8.0_211\bin\javaw.exe"

-environment.variable <Environment variable value> (previously -v)
None by default, e.g.
-environment.variable var1=value1 -environment.variable var2="value2 with spaces"

-model.name <model name>
Override the model name, e.g.
-model.name "My Model Name"

-prescript <script name>
The script must be located in the bin directory, and have .bat or .sh extension.
The script path must not include any parent directory symbol (..).
The script should return exit code 0 to indicate success, or another value to indicate failure.
For example:
-prescript "script.bat arg1 arg2"

Clears the cache before the import, and therefore will run a full import without incremental harvesting.
Warning: this is a system option managed by the application calling the bridge and should not be set by users.

-backup <directory>
Full path of an empty directory to save the metadata input files for further troubleshooting.

Data Connections are produced by the import bridges typically from ETL/DI and BI tools to refer to the source and target data stores they use. These data connections are then used by metadata management tools to connect them (metadata stitching) to their actual data stores (e.g. databases, file system, etc.) in order to produce the full end to end data flow lineage and impact analysis. The name of each data connection is unique by import model. The data connection names used within DI/BI design tools are used when possible, otherwise connection names are generated to be short but meaningful such as the database / schema name, the file system path, or Uniform Resource Identifier (URI). The following options allows to manipulate connections. These options replaces the legacy options -c, -cd, and -cs.

-connection.cast ConnectionName=ConnectionType
Casts a generic database connection (e.g. ODBC/JDBC) to a precise database type (e.g. ORACLE) for SQL Parsing, e.g.
-connection.cast "My Database"="SQL SERVER".
The list of supported data store connection types includes:

-connection.rename OldConnection=NewConnection
Renames an existing connection to a new name, e.g.
-connection.rename OldConnectionName=NewConnectionName
Multiple existing database connections can be renamed and merged into one new database connection, e.g.
-connection.rename MySchema1=MyDatabase -connection.rename MySchema2=MyDatabase

-connection.split oldConnection.Schema1=newConnection
Splits a database connection into one or multiple database connections.
A single database connection can be split into one connection per schema, e.g.
-connection.split MyDatabase
All database connections can be split into one connection per schema, e.g.
-connection.split *
A database connection can be explicitly split creating a new database connection by appending a schema name to a database, e.g.
-connection.split MyDatabase.schema1=MySchema1

-connection.map DestinationPath=SourcePath
Maps a source path to destination path. This is useful for file system connections when different paths points to the same object (directory or file).
On Hadoop, a process can write into a CSV file specified with the HDFS full path, but another process reads from a HIVE table implemented (external) by the same file specified using a relative path with default file name and extension, e.g.
-connection.map hdfs://host:8020/users/user1/folder/file.csv=/user1/folder
On Linux, a given directory (or file) like /data can be referred to by multiple symbolic links like /users/john and /users/paul, e.g.
-connection.map /users/John=/data -connection.map /users/paul=/data
On Windows, a given directory like C:\data can be referred to by multiple network drives like M: and N:, e.g.
-connection.map M:\=C:\data -connection.map N:\=C:\data

-file.encoding <Encoding value>
Uses the provided encoding value to read the text files (e.f. delimited and fixed width).
The supported languages are listed below with the actual encoding value between parentheses at the end of each line, e.g.
-file.encoding shift_jis

Central and Eastern European (iso-8859-2)
Central and Eastern European (windows-1250)
Chinese Traditional (big5)
Chinese Simplified (GB18030)
Chinese Simplified (GB2312)
Cyrillic (iso-8859-5)
Cyrillic (windows-1251)
DOS (ibm-850)
Greek (iso-8859-7)
Greek (windows-1253)
Hebrew (iso-8859-8)
Hebrew (windows-1255)
Japanese (shift_jis)
Korean (ks_c_5601-1987)
Thai (TIS620)
Thai (windows-874)
Turkish (iso-8859-9)
Turkish (windows-1254)
UTF 8 (utf-8)
UTF 16 (utf-16)
Western European (iso-8859-1)
Western European (iso-8859-15)
Western European (windows-1252)
Locale encoding
No encoding conversion

-tps <Processing Thread Pool Size's maximum count>
By default 1, for e.g.
-tps 10

-tl <Processing Time Limit duration>
No limits by default. Time can be specified in seconds, minutes, or hours, e.g.
-tl 3600s
-tl 60m
-tl 1h

-fl <Processing File Limit count>
No limits by default, e.g.
-fl 100

-hadoop <Hadoop configuration options>
None by default, e.g.
-hadoop key1=val1;key2=val2

Use to import latest modified files when processing partitions defined in Partitioned directories parameter.

-subst <path> <new path>
Use to associate a root path part with a drive or another path, e.g.
-subst K: C:/test

Use to disable dependencies downloading and use only download cache

Use this option to disable automatic partitions detection(when "Partition directories" option is empty)

Delimited File's header by default, bridge automatically tries to detect headers while processing csv files(basing on header columns types), use this option to disable headers import(f.e. to hide sensitive data)

-delimited.top_rows_skip <number>
Delimited file's number of rows to skip while processing (0 by default), e.g.
-delimited.top_rows_skip 1

-delimited.extra_separators <comma separated separators>
Delimited file's extra delimiters (separators by default are ), e.g.
-delimited.extra_separators ~,||,|~

Ignore parquet archives with size bigger then defined with this option value (Default value is 10 000 000 bytes), e.g.


Bridge Mapping

Mapping information is not available